The standard file system hierarchy describes directory structure and its content as the operating system in Unix and Unix. It explains the location and what files and directories should be.
/ (Root Directory):-
- The / directory is called root directory.
- This is the top directory of “Directory structure in Linux’.
- All and every others files and directory contain by /(root) directory.
- The root directory contains only sub directories.
- /root directory is the default home directory of root user.
- /root directory is the sub directory of / directory.
- As you know the Linux operating system is multi-user environment,when a normal user created in Linux by default the normal users home directory is created under /home directory.
- This is the place where the every normal users keeps their personal files and directory or content.
- The directory has all the files which are required to boot your system or server or machine.
- Without /boot directory your system can’t boot.
- The /sbin directory contains all the command which are execute by super-user or root.
- The /bin directory contain all the command which are execute by normal user as well as administrator user.
- The /usr directory contain all program and application which are available for user.
- The /var directory have all the log files related to all services,event,etc.
- The /dev directory contains the special files for all devices.
- The /etc directory contain all configuration files of services application like apache,sambha,etc.
- The /proc directory is contains all the information about currently running in system process.
- The /tmp directory contains temp files which are created by normal user and super user.
- The directory is used for temporary device mounting where super user can mount file system.
- The /mnt directory contain third party application like MS-Office.
- The directory contain library files which are support to binaries located under /sbin and /bin directory.